How to get protection against malware?
Cyber Security is the practice of defending computers, systems, networks, and servers from possible malicious attacks, viruses, and malware. Although electronic information security and information technology security are synonyms to Cyber Security.
Cyber Security is hands down the term for what this approach is best known.
The term applies in a variety of contexts that encompass from business to mobile computing but this method is still divided into more categories.
Categories of Cyber Security
- Network security is the practice of protecting a network from attacks, intruders, and opportunistic malware.
- Application security: it focuses on the protection of devices. This program evaluates applications that are installed on PC’s, smartphones, and devices to determine whether an app is safe or not.
- Information security: it allows protection for the data that is transiting or is in storage. Information security can be deployed in all types of devices, not only on the PCs for hard-drives protection.
- Operational security: instead of protecting the data and network, operational security takes charge of the ongoing operations. Basically, it keeps tabs on the users who have access to the data by identifying their access to it and what they do.
- Disaster recovery and business continuity: it aims to respond to attacks while it provides solutions in case of data loss. Disaster recovery dictates how an organization manages to recover lost information and establish the guidelines to follow to return to the former capacity before the event. On the other hand, business continuity can be implemented even with a shortage of resources guaranteeing that the work is not disrupted because of the emergency..
The scale of the cyber threat
The global cyber threat keeps increasing at a rapid pace due to the rising number of data breaches per year. According to RiskBased Security, a shocking 7.9 billion records were leaked in 2019, which is twice the amount of 2018.
Medical services, retailers and public entities went through the largest number of breaches undertaken by hackers and criminals. Blindingly, some sectors are more appealing to cybercriminals than others.
In the medical and financial sector, hackers collect business data which contains relevant and confidential information that compromises customers, corporate, and security networks.
With the growth in number of cyber threats, the International Data Corporation predicts that the worldwide security spending will rise to $133.7 billion in the next two years. Additionally, governments are also intending to assist organizations with more effective cyber-security methods.
Some countries have even creating cyber-security frameworks to combat the proliferation of cyber-attacks and malicious codes much earlier. Frameworks ensure business data real-time monitoring through an array of electronic resources.
The real-time monitoring method is being adopted by wealthy countries like Australia, the UK, and USA to counteract cyber-attacks and threats.
Types of cyber threats
According to cyber-security frameworks, There are three cyber treat categories:
- Cyber-crime it can be performed by single actors or groups who aim at organizations for financial gain or to cause disruption.
- Most cyber-attacks are encouraging politically. An example of this is Anonymous, which sometimes gets involved in social-political movements.
- Cyber-terrorism. Its sole mission is to undermine systems to cause panic for no reason.
There are countless methods used by hackers to take control over computing systems of individuals and organizations. Here are some:
what is Malware?
Malware is a type of software that causes damage to a computing system. It is one of the strategies that hackers utilize to disrupt or damage someone else’s computing system. It can be proliferating by using unsolicited email attachments or legitimate-looking downloads.
Malware is used by criminals who feel politically motivated or want to get away with funds.
Some of the most common types of malware are:
- Virus: it is a self-replicating program that attaches to files and infects them with a malicious code.
- Trojans: this is a type of malware that seems to be an apparently legitimate program but it isn’t. They get to infect the system by tricking users into downloading them. The use of Trojans are for damaging computer systems and collecting data.
- Spyware: as the name suggests, a spyware spies everything the user does on the PC capturing details most of which related to banking accounts and confident information.
- Ransomware: it blackmails users by threatening them to delete their files if they don’t pay a sum of money.
- Adware: this method uses ads to spread malware.
- Botnets: cyber-criminals use botnets to infect computers and perform actions in the very system the victim is using.
- Phishing: it is when cyber-criminals create what appears to be legitimate site to fool their victims. The use of Phishing is to dupe people into entering credentials or handing over credit card or any information the hacker needs to enter the data base.
Cyber safety tips for protection against cyber attacks
– Keep your software and operating system updated. New updates come with the latest security patches you need to reinforce the system’s protection.
– Use anti-virus software: Security solutions like Kaspersky Total Security help spot new attacks and threats. It is also best to use the latest in anti-virus and anti-malware programs.
– Use strong passwords long passwords with mixed characters would not be easy to guess.
– Be careful to open email attachments from unknown senders because most of the times, these emails come with malicious software.
– Clicking on suspicious links: if somebody you don’t know sends you a link, don’t click on it, or you may be getting an intruder in your system.
– Avoid using insecure WiFi networks your computer is more vulnerable when it is connecting to WiFi networks in public places. Man-in-the-middle is a malicious that abounds in these public networks. If you have no choice but to use a public network, make sure your devices are protected against these threats.
Why is cyber security important?
Cyber-security is important because it helps protect digital data from thieves. Devices and underlying systems have vulnerabilities hackers uncover and exploit until they undermine the health of an organization.
A data breach can unleash a lot of consequences for an organization. It can unravel a company’s reputation for the loss of data and cause mistrust.
Cyber-security helps companies to remain competitive preventing a drop in corporate revenues due to the loss of information and the non- compliance with data protection.
For this reason, it is essential that organizations adopt a stepped-up cyber-security approach and a back-up strategy that reduces or brings back losses.